A team of scientists at Arizona State University and Harvard University created single-stranded DNA—which is capable of self-folding into origami-like shapes. It turns out that RNA can be used, too—and both can be produced inside of living cells. In 2018, scientists at the California Institute of Technology built a DNA-based version of tic-tac-toe with self-assembling DNA origami tiles. Molecular robotics will someday be used on all life forms to provide targeted therapies as well as genetic augmentation. Scientists at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University discovered that both robots and our DNA share the ability to be programmed in order to perform tasks. Also, just like our next-gen robots, molecules can self-assemble, and can react to their environments. In the future, molecular robotics will offer new opportunities to advance medicine and agriculture.
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